What is Carpet Area, Built-Up Area and Super Built-Up Area?

By Investoxpert | 26 Jun 2021 | Guide

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What is Carpet Area, Built-Up Area and Super Built-Up Area, In real estate there are various terminologies that might sound not too much different but there is in fact a big difference in their meaning. Let’s admit that a lot of confusion is created by these terms leaving us clueless. So, while buying a house, terms such as carpet area, built-up area and super built-up area should be understood carefully.

 

Every extra Sq.ft increases the cost of property thus; it becomes crucial to clear to avoid any kind of confusions in future. It is mostly observed that the big real estate developers flaunt the large carpet area offered by their units, as their unique selling point. As ever since the real estate law made it important to mention up on them to sell homes based on the carpet area. 

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Because larger the space, higher the cost and similarly, smaller the space, lower the cost. It becomes absolutely necessary to arm yourself with the knowledge of the various space-measuring benchmarks used in Indian real estate transactions.

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CARPET AREA

 

What is carpet area?

 

Carpet Area is basic term used in real estate property buying as the developers are obliged to provide buyers all details about the property’s size. It is as simple to understand as the area in the flat or the apartment, which you could cover, using a carpet referred as is the carpet area. It is also known as the net usable area.

 

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What does carpet area include?

 

Carpet Area is the actual usable area for the buyer thus it includes:

• Bedroom

• Dining room

• Dressing room

• Kitchen

• Study

• Stores

• Any other room

• Bathroom

• Balconies within the house

• Staircase within the house

 

What is not covered under the carpet area?

 

• External and internal walls

• Common areas

• Terrace

 

Formula to calculate carpet area

 

Carpet area = Area of bedroom + living room + balconies + toilets – the thickness of the inner walls

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Definition of carpet area under RERA

 

The real estate act by Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) defines the carpet areas as “The net usable floor area of an apartment, excluding the area covered by the external walls, areas under services shafts, exclusive balcony or verandah area and exclusive open terrace area, but includes the area covered by the internal partition walls of the apartment.”

 

Under Section 61 of the RERA, if a real estate developer provides false information about the carpet area, he may be fined up to 5% of the total cost of the project.

 

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BUILT-UP AREA

 

What is built-up area?

 

Built-Up Area in a flat is the carpet area plus the area covered by inner walls and the balconies. In India, mostly builders sell apartments/flats nearly having 30% of the area for creating inner walls and balconies.

 

Thus, if the built-up area is 1000 Sq.ft then you could assume that the carpet area will not be more than approximately 700 Sq.ft.

 

Formula to calculate built-up area

 

Built-up area = Carpet area + area of walls + area of balcony

 

What is covered under built-up area?

 

• Carpet area

• External and internal walls

• Utility ducts

• Balconies

 

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What is not included under built-up area?

 

• Courtyard at the ground level

• Garden

• Rocky area

• Well and well structures

• Plant and Nursery

• Platform around a tree

• Overhead water tank

• Fountain

• Bench with open top and the likes

• Drainage

• Culvert

• Conduit

• Catch-pit

• Gully pit

• Chamber gutter

• Compound or boundary wall

• Chejja

• Uncovered staircase

• Watchman booth/pump

• Sump tank

 

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SUPER BUILT-UP AREA

 

What is super built-up area?

 

The super-built up area of a housing society unit stands for the total built-up area with the area dedicated to common areas, including the corridor, the lift lobby, the elevator, etc. Also, some builders even include basic amenities such as pools, gardens and clubhouses, in the common area and calculate that under Super-built up area.

 

Super-built up area is also known as Saleable area for the flats for sale. Before RERA was introduced, builders used saleable area and confuse buyer giving an impression that they were investing in a large home when they actually were not.

 

Let’s better understand by an example,

If carpet area is used:

Carpet area = 1,000 sq ft

Cost/Sq.ft = Rs 2,000 per sq ft.

Overall cost of the property will be Rs 20, 00,000.

 

If super-built up area is used:

Super-built up area = 1,300 sq ft

Cost/Sq.ft = Rs 1,800 per sq ft.

Overall cost of the property will be Rs 23, 40,000.

 

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Thus, a property buyer at the time of buying either a 2 BHK residential apartment or a 4 BHK luxury flat should have a great understanding so that he doesn’t get befooled by developer.

 

What is covered in the super built-up area?

 

• Clubhouses

• Air ducts

• Pipe / shaft ducts

• Lift

• Staircases

• Lobby

• Swimming pool

• Gymnasium

• Any other common facilities

 

Formula to calculate super built-up area

 

Super built-up area = Built-up area + proportionate common area

Or

Super built-up area = Carpet area (1+ loading factor)

Loading depends on the builder’s choice; it can vary with different sellers.

 

Super Built-Up Area Calculation Example

 

When there is more than one residential apartment for sale on a floor, the super built-up area is calculated in a different manner.

 

Floor: 6th Floor

Buyer A: An apartment of 1000 Sq.ft

Buyer B: An apartment of 2000 Sq.ft

Total common area on the floor = 1,500 sq ft.

 

The builder would divide in the ratio of the apartments’ built-up areas (in this case 1:2) add 500 sq ft extra space.

 

Super Built-Area of Buyer A would be 1000 Sq.ft + 500 Sq.ft = 1,500 Sq.ft

Super Built-Area of Buyer B would be 2000 Sq.ft + 1000 Sq.ft = 3,000 Sq.ft

 

Can Buyers Refuse To Pay For An Increase In Carpet Area By The Builder?

 

Is there any chance that a buyer can deny to pay any extra demand of money by the seller if the carpet area of residential house is increased? As per RERA guidelines, the buyer is liable to pay the additional charges. There is no way out to avoid the charge for extra carpet area; the buyer is liable to pay the cost according to the carpet area only.

 

Hoping that this blog is successful in clearing up the confusion that always seems to infuse floor areas and how prices are calculated. It will help the first-time buyers by making it easier for you to make decisions when they aspire to invest in residential property.

 

FAQs

 

What is carpet area?

 

Carpet area is the area that can actually be covered by a carpet or the area of the apartment excluding the thickness of inner walls.

 

How to calculate carpet area?

 

You can calculate the carpet area if you know the exact built-up area. As Carpet area is just the area actually usable in a flat.

 

What is carpet area according to RERA?

 

According to the RERA, carpet area is defined as 'the net usable floor area of an apartment'.

 

How to calculate loading on carpet area?

 

Loading can be calculated as if the developer claims the loading factor as 1.25 then it simply means 25% of space has been added to the carpet area of the flat.

 

What is included in carpet area?

 

Carpet area does not include the area covered by the external walls, areas under services shafts, exclusive balcony or verandah area and exclusive open terrace area.

 

What is the difference between carpet area and built-up area?

 

Carpet area is the area that can actually be covered by a carpet while built-up area is the area that comes after adding carpet area and wall area.

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